South Holland is a province in the midwest region of the Netherlands. It has a population of just over 3.6 million and a population density of about, making it the countrys most populous province and one of the worlds most densely populated areas. Situated on the North Sea in the west of the Netherlands, South Holland covers an area of, of which is water. It borders North Holland to the north, Utrecht and Gelderland to the east, and North Brabant and Zeeland to the south. The provincial capital is The Hague, while its largest city is Rotterdam.