Nuremberg is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich. It is the second-largest city in Bavaria, and the largest in Franconia. it had a population of 517,498, making it Germanys fourteenth-largest city. The urban area also includes Fürth, Erlangen and Schwabach, with a total population of }}. the "European Metropolitan Area Nuremberg" had approximately 3.5 million inhabitants. "Key Data for Investors – City of Nuremberg", Nuernberg.de, September 2016, http://www.nuernberg.de/imperia/md/wirtschaft/dokumente/englische_versionen/key_data_for_investors_nuremberg.pdf Nde-keydata.