Joensuu is a city and municipality in North Karelia in the province of Eastern Finland. It was founded in 1848. The population of Joensuu is }}, although the economic region of Joensuu has a population of 115,000. Joensuu is a lively student city with a subsidiary of the University of Eastern Finland, where over 15,000 students are enrolled, and a further 4,000 students at the North Karelia University of Applied Sciences. The largest employers are the municipal City of Joensuu, North Karelian Hospital District Federation of Municipalities, Abloy and Punamusta. The European Forest Institute, the University and many other institutes and export enterprises such as Abloy and John Deere Forestry give Joensuu an international flavour. Joensuu is as typical of cities in Eastern Finland monolingually Finnish.