Hobart is the capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. With a population of approximately 221,000, it is Australias least populated state capital. Founded in 1804 as a penal colony, The descendants of the indigenous Tasmanians now refer to themselves as Palawa.
Since its foundation as a colonial outpost, the city has grown from the mouth of Sullivans Cove to stretch in a generally north-south direction along both banks of the Derwent River, from 22 km inland from the estuary at Storm Bay to the point where the river reverts to fresh water at Bridgewater.
In June 2015, the city had a greater area population of approximately 221,000. The city is located in the states south-east on the estuary of the Derwent River, making it the most southern of Australias capital cities. Its harbour forms the second-deepest natural port in the world. Its skyline is dominated by the kunanyi/Mount Wellington, and much of the citys waterfront consists of reclaimed land. It is the financial and administrative heart of Tasmania, serving as the home port for both Australian and French Antarctic operations and acting as a major tourist hub, with over 1.192 million visitors in 2011/2012. The metropolitan area is often referred to as Greater Hobart, to differentiate it from the City of Hobart, one of the five local government areas that cover the city.
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