Cherkasy, or Cherkassy, is a city in central Ukraine. It is the capital of the Cherkasy Oblast, as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Cherkasky Raion within the oblast. The city itself is also designated as its own separate raion within the oblast. It is not to be confused with the Russian city of Cherkassk which is on the Don River to the east. The city is the cultural, educational and industrial center of Cherkasy Oblast and Central Economical Region of Ukraine. Cherkasy has been known since the 13th century and played a great role in the history of Ukraine. Cherkasy was the center of Cossacks, citizens took part in Khmelnychchyna and Koliyivschyna . The city is located on the right bank of Dnieper River, about south of the nations capital, Kiev. The city is divided into 2 boroughs : Sosnivskiy and Pridniprovskiy. The current population of Cherkasy is 287,583. In June 2011, the city celebrated its 725th anniversary.